Dr. Archontovasilis Fotis, MD, PhD, cFACS,
General and Laparoscopic Surgeon, Head and Director of the 6th Surgical Department of Metropolitan General Clinic (former Iaso General Clinic), Athens, Greece
Distinguished Surgeon with specialization in minimally invasive, laparoscopic and robotic surgery of the digestive system, hernias and anal diseases. He has an over 10 years experience in the private health sector, and since 2015 he directs a Surgical Department in one of the largest private hospitals in SouthEastern Europe.
In case of interesting you can contact Dr. Archontovasilis Fotios and get operated in Athens, in Metropolitan General Clinic (former Iaso General Clinic).
What Is a Hernia?
A hernia occurs when an organ pushes through an opening in the muscle or tissue that holds it in place. For example, the intestines may break through a weakened area in the abdominal wall.
Hernias are most common in the abdomen, but they can also appear in the upper thigh, belly button, and groin areas. Most hernias are not immediately life threatening, but they dont go away on their own and can require surgery to prevent potentially dangerous complications.
Common Hernia Types
Inguinal Hernia: These hernias occur when the intestines push through a weak spot or tear in the lower abdominal wall, often in the inguinal canal. Inguinal hernias are the most common type of hernia.
:these hernias occur in the umbilical area, and if not recognized early in their course, may enlarge tremendously. Hernias extending over the umbilicus are called epigastric or ventral hernias
Incisional Hernia: Incisional hernias can occur after youve had abdominal surgery. Your intestines may push through the incision scar or the surrounding, weakened tissue.
What Causes a Hernia?
Common causes of muscle weakness include:
- failure of the abdominal wall to close properly in the womb, which is a congenital defect
- chronic coughing
- damage from injury or surgery
- being pregnant, which puts pressure on your abdomen)
- being constipated, which causes you to strain when having a bowel movement
- heavy weight lifting
- fluid in the abdomen, or ascites
- suddenly gaining weight
- persistent coughing or sneezing
What Are the Symptoms of a Hernia?
The most common symptom of a hernia is a bulge or lump in the affected area. In the case of an inguinal hernia, you may notice a lump on either side of your pubic bone where your groin and thigh meet. Youre more likely to feel your hernia through touch when youre standing up.
How hernias can be treated?
Treatment is only surgery. Consequently the surgery to repair a hernia is prophylactic in order to prevent complications of the disease.